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Avgv‡`i mgq.Kg : 29/10/2014

 

motin  Avwidz¾vgvb Zzwnb :

wec­exi †Kb g„Zz¨ †bBÑ G cÖkœ Avmv LyeB ¯^vfvweK| KviY mgvR cwieZ©‡bi ivRbxwZ‡Z wµqvkxj wec­exiv mvaviY gvby‡li Rb¨ jovB K‡ib| mvaviY gvby‡li i“wU-i“wR I mvaviY gvby‡li Rb¨ ivóª wbg©v‡Yi jovB hZ¶Y †kl bv nq, ZZ¶Y ch©š— wec­exiv evievi wfbœ wfbœ bv‡g Rš§ †bb mgv‡Ri M‡f©| ivóª wec­‡ei ciI wec­ex‡`i cÖ‡qvRb Z‡e †mUv wfbœ †cÖw¶Z| ZLb jovB _v‡K wec­e euvwP‡q ivLvi| Ave`yj gwZb mgvR cwieZ©‡bi avivq G iKgB GKRb AvRxeb wec­exi bvg| g„Zz¨i AvM ch©š— wZwb evsjv‡`‡ki BDbvB‡UW KwgDwb÷ jx‡Mi †K›`Öxq Dc‡`óvgÛjxi m`m¨ wQ‡jb| 8 †m‡Þ¤^i eyaevi mKvj 9Uvq e½eÜz †kL gywRe †gwW‡Kj wek¦we`¨vj‡q g„Zz¨eiY K‡i‡Qb| Zvi eqm n‡qwQj 88 eQi| Kg‡iW Ave`yj gwZb `xN©w`b eva©K¨RwbZ bvbv RwUj AmyL †iv‡M fzMwQ‡jb| me©‡kl 18 AvM÷ 2014 gw¯—‡®‹i i³¶iYRwbZ Kvi‡Y Amy¯’ n‡j nvmcvZv‡j fwZ© nb| 19 AvM÷ Zv‡K e½eÜz †kL gywRe †gwW‡Kj wek¦we`¨vj‡q AvBwmBD‡Z ¯’vbvš—i Kiv nq| 20 AvM÷ A‡¯¿vcPv‡ii gva¨‡g gw¯—‡®‹i RgvUeuvav i³ †ei Kiv nq| ZLb †_‡KB wZwb AvBwmBD‡Z wQ‡jb| MZ 1 A‡±vei †_‡K Zvi k¦vmKó evo‡Z _v‡K Ges µgvMZfv‡e ¯^v‡¯’¨i AebwZ NU‡Z _v‡K| me‡k‡l 3 A‡±vei mKvj †_‡K Zv‡K jvBd mv‡cvU© †`Iqv nq|

Ave`yyj gwZb: GKRb †PÕi we`vq

c~e©evsjvi me©nviv cvwU©i mfvcwZ knx` Kg‡iW wmivR wmK`vi Ave`yj gwZb‡K e‡jwQ‡jb †P cš’x| GLb cÖkœ DV‡Z cv‡i, †P ¸‡qfviv wK KwgDwb÷ wec­ex bv? Z‡e hviv RwUj KwgDwb÷ ZvwË¡K weZK©¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© Lei iv‡Lb Zviv Rv‡bb, KwgDwb÷‡`i wØZxq Avš—R©vwZKZv †f‡O hvevi ci bvbvb kvLvq-cÖkvLvq KwgDwb÷ Av‡›`vj‡bi gZev`x ¯‹zj cÖwZôv nq| Zviv wb‡R‡K mv”Pv wec­ex wn‡m‡e hyw³ Zz‡j ai‡Zb Ges Zv cÖPvi Ki‡Zb| †m g‡Z, †P †hfv‡e wb‡Ri †`k †_‡K G‡m c„w_exi Ab¨vb¨ †`‡k wec­ex ZrciZv Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb †jwbbev`x wWm‡Kvm© †_‡K Zvi mgv‡jvPbv Kiv nq| G ai‡bi †Mwijv A¨vKkbcš’x‡`i †PÕev`x ejv nq| †m AbyhvqxB evsjv‡`‡ki KwgDwb÷ Av‡›`vj‡b AvjvDwÏb, gwZb‡K wmivR wmK`vi‡K †PÕev`x e‡j mgv‡jvPbv K‡ib| †mUv Avi GK cÖm½| Z‡e bKkvjcš’x KwgDwb÷‡`i g‡a¨ Ave`yj gwZb Ii‡d fvlv-gwZb wQ‡jb Ab¨Zg|

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motin2

GKvˇii ¯^vaxbZvhy‡×i cÖv°v‡j Ave`yj n‡Ki †bZ…Z¡vaxb KwgDwb÷ cvwU© eûj Av‡jvwPZ `yB KzKz‡ii ZË¡ w`‡q hy× †_‡K wb‡R‡`i weiZ iv‡Lb| wKš‘ AvjvDwÏb, gwZb I †`‡eb evmv‡ii †bZ…Z¡vaxb KwgDwb÷ cvwU© hy‡× Ask †bq| ivRvKvi I cvK evwnbx †hŠ_ Awfhv‡b fvlv-gwZ‡bi evev Ave`yj Rwjj‡K 1971 mv‡ji ¯^vaxbZvhy‡×i †m‡Þ¤^i gv‡m bMievwo‡Z nZ¨v K‡i| Zvi fvB gby cvK evwnbxi m‡½ mivmwi hy‡× wbnZ nb|

Zvn‡j †dmeyKmn †mvk¨vj wgwWqv‡Z `yB KzKz‡ii ZË¡wU fvlv-gwZ‡bi Ici Pvwc‡q †`Iqv †Kb n‡jv? †m Av‡jvPbv Ab¨ †Kv‡bv w`b Kie| Z‡e ms‡¶‡c GUvB ïay ej‡Z cvwi, AvIqvgx jx‡Mi b¨v‡ivwUf †_‡K gyw³hy‡×i eqvb bv n‡j †mUvB gyw³hy×we‡ivax Ae¯’vb| †mvRv K_vq, AvIqvgx jxM ev‡` gyw³hy‡×i †Kv‡bv †PZbv I hy× nqwb 1971 mv‡j| G iKg wPš—v Kiv fq¼i d¨vwmev`x aviYv|

fvlvi Av‡›`vjb w`‡q hvÎv ïi“

Õ52-Gi fvlv Av‡›`vj‡bi cÖvYkw³, hvi e¨vcK ZrciZv h_mg‡q mwVK wm×vš— MÖnY I bvbvgyLx ZrciZv †_‡K ïi“ K‡i Qv·`i‡K D¾xweZ Kiv, 144 aviv f½mn †h mvnmx I weP¶Y Kg©m~wPi gva¨‡g evsjv ivóªfvlv wn‡m‡e cÖwZwôZ n‡qwQj evOvwj RvwZmËvi jovB‡qi, †mB cÖev`cÖwZg cyi“l fvlv‰mwbK Ave`yyj gwZb R‡š§wQ‡jb 1926 mv‡ji 3 wW‡m¤^i wmivRMÄ †Rjvi †PŠnvjx Dc‡Rjvi ayeywjqv MÖv‡g| Zvi wcZvi bvg Ave`yj Rwjj, gvZvi bvg Av‡gbv LvZzb| ayeywjqv MÖvgwU wQj hgybv b`x‡ewóZ| 1930 mv‡ji w`‡K cÖgËv hgybvi me©MÖvmx fvO‡b MÖvgwU wejxb n‡q hvq| d‡j Ave`yj Rwjj Zvi cwievimn wkï gwZb I Ab¨vb¨ bvevjK mš—vb‡K wb‡q hgybvi ey‡K †R‡M IVv GKwU P‡ii ˆkjRvbv bvgK MÖv‡g emZwfUv M‡o †Zv‡jb| ga¨g †kÖwYi K…lK Ave`yj Rwj‡ji hv RwgRgv wQj Zvi meB wQj P‡ii g‡a¨| d‡j Rwg †_‡K Ave`yyj Rwjj †Zgb wKQy Ki‡Z cvi‡Zb bv| Rwgi djb wQj b`xi †Lqvwjcbvi wkKvi| ev‡bi †Zv‡o gv‡Vi dmj †h‡Zv bó n‡q|wZwb fvM¨v‡š^l‡Y wngvj‡qi cvnvwo MvQMvQvwji kni `vwR©wjs Av‡mb| GLv‡b 1930-Gi `k‡K Rjv cvnv‡oi K¨v›Ub‡g‡›U wZwb GKwU PvKwi Lyu‡R cvb| ZLb Ave`yj Rwjj G›UªvÝ cvm wQ‡jb| Zv m‡Ë¡I Kg gRywii mycvifvBRvi wn‡m‡e wZwb M¨vwim‡b †hvM`vb K‡ib| gvwmK †eZb gvÎ c‡b‡iv i“wc| G mgq wZwb Zvi cwiev‡ii Rb¨ M¨vwim‡b GKwU evmv eivÏ cvb| 1932 mv‡j Ave`yj Rwjj wmivRM‡Äi ˆkjRvbv MÖvg †_‡K Zvi wZb cyÎ I `yB Kb¨vmn mvZ m`‡m¨i cwievi‡K wb‡q `vwR©wjs‡q P‡j Av‡mb|

wk¶vRxeb

1932 mv‡j Qq eQi eq‡m fvi‡Zi `vwR©wjs‡qi gnvivbx Mvj©m nvB¯‹zj bvgK GKwU evsjv gva¨g ¯‹z‡j wkï †kÖwY‡Z fwZ© nIqvi ga¨ w`‡q Ave`yj gwZ‡bi wk¶vRxeb ïi“ nq| 1936 mv‡j wZwb `vwR©wjs Mfb©‡g›U nvB¯‹z‡j cÂg †kÖwY‡Z fwZ© nb Ges 1943 mv‡j G›UªvÝ (gva¨wgK) cvm K‡ib| 1943 mv‡j wZwb ivRkvnx Mfb©‡g›U K‡j‡R D”Pgva¨wgK †kÖwY‡Z cÖ_g e‡l© fwZ© nb Ges 1945 mv‡j B›UviwgwW‡qU cvm K‡ib| 1945 mv‡j Ave`yj gwZb XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q e¨v‡Pji Ae AvU©m (cvm †Kvm©) wefv‡M fwZ© nb Ges dRjyj nK K‡j‡R fwZ© nb| 1947 mv‡j øvZK ce© †kl K‡i Avš—R©vwZK m¤úK© wefv‡Mi Gg. G cÖ_g e¨v‡P fwZ© nb| wek¦we`¨vj‡qi ixwZbxwZi wei“× nIqvi ciI we‡kl Aby‡gv`‡b W. gvngy` nvmvb wbR B”Qvq Zv‡K BwZnvm wefv‡M fwZ© K‡i †bb| GKB eQi wZwb XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi AvBb Abyl‡` fwZ© nb|

1948 mv‡ji 24 gvP© XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi KvR©b n‡j AbywôZ we‡kl mgveZ©b Abyôv‡b cvwK¯—v‡bi cÖwZôvZv cÖavbgš¿x †gvnv¤§` Avjx wRbœvn Zvi fvl‡Y ÔD`©y †Kej D`©yB n‡e cvwK¯—v‡bi ivóªfvlvÕ D”PviY Ki‡j Ave`yj gwZb `vuwo‡q ZxeªK‡É cÖwZev` K‡ib| wek¦we`¨vj‡qi mvaviY QvÎQvÎx‡`i wbKU wZwb cwiwPZ n‡q I‡Vb| 1949 mv‡j XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Z…Zxq-PZz_© †kÖwYi Kg©Pvix‡`i GK cÖwZev` wgwQ‡j †bZ…Z¡ †`Iqvi mgq cywjk mwPevj‡qi KvQ †_‡K Ave`yj gwZb‡K †MÖßvi K‡i Ges `yB gv‡mi AvUKv‡`k w`‡q KvivMv‡i †cÖiY K‡i|

†R‡j hvIqvi Av‡M wZwb †K›`Öxq mywcwiqi mvwf©‡mi wjwLZ cix¶vq Ask †bb| †gŠwLK cix¶vq AskMÖn‡Yi Rb¨ miKvi †Rjv‡ii gva¨‡g kZ© mv‡c‡¶ Ave`yj gwZb‡K KvivMvi †_‡K gyw³ †`Iqvi cÖ¯—ve †`q| kZ© n‡jv, fwel¨‡Z wZwb KL‡bv Av‡›`vj‡b AskMÖnY Ki‡eb bv, GB g‡g© gyP‡jKvq ¯^v¶i w`‡Z n‡e| Ave`yj gwZb N„Yvf‡i †m cÖ¯—ve cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡ib| `yB gvm ci KvivMvi †_‡K gyw³ †c‡j wek¦we`¨vj‡qi DcvPvh© Ave`yj gwZb‡K Zvi K‡¶ †W‡K cvVvb Ges GKB ai‡bi GKwU gyP‡jKvq ¯^v¶i Ki‡Z e‡jb, gwZb Zv‡Z ¯^v¶i Ki‡Z A¯^xKvi K‡ib| Gici wek¦we`¨vjq KZ©…c¶ Zv‡K wek¦we`¨vjq I nj †_‡K wZb eQ‡ii Rb¨ ewn®‹vi K‡ib| Ave`yj gwZb dRjyj nK nj †Q‡o P‡j hvb Ges BKevj n‡ji cv‡ki e¨viv‡K _vKvi e¨e¯’v K‡ib|

1950 mvj ivóªfvlv w`e‡mi wØZxq el©c~wZ©‡Z 11 gvP© K¨v¤úv‡m Av‡qvwRZ Qv·`i GK cÖwZev` mgv‡e‡k Av‡›`vjb‡K msMwVZ Ges mwVK c‡_ cwiPvjbvi Rb¨ Ave`yj gwZb GKwU KwgwU MV‡bi cÖ¯—ve Ki‡j Dcw¯’Z mvaviY Qv·`i wm×v‡š— Zv‡K AvnŸvqK K‡i 11 m`m¨wewkó wek¦we`¨vjq ivóªfvlv msMÖvg cwil` MVb Kiv nq| GB msMÖvg cwil‡`i AwaKvsk m`m¨ †Kv‡bv iKg Kg©Kv‡Ê bv _vK‡j GgbwK evievi mfvq Dcw¯’Z bv n‡j Ave`yj gwZb GB cwil` cybM©Vb K‡ib Ges cy‡iv‡bv‡`i ev` w`‡q bZzb‡`i Aš—f©y³ K‡i 8 m`‡m¨i KwgwU MVb K‡ib| Av‡›`vj‡bi Kg©m~wPi LiP †gUv‡bvi Rb¨ Rbmvavi‡Yi KvQ †_‡K A_© msMÖn Ki‡Z 1951 mv‡ji 5 GwcÖj‡K cZvKv w`em wn‡m‡e cvj‡bi wm×vš— M„nxZ nq| wek¦we`¨vj‡qi mKj mvaviY QvÎQvÎx w`emwU D`&hvc‡b Zv‡K me©vÍK mn‡hvwMZv cÖ`vb K‡ib Ges GB Kg©m~wPi ga¨ w`‡q Zviv AvkvZxZ A_© msMÖn Ki‡Z m¶g nb|

1950-1952 GB wZb eQi mg‡qi g‡a¨ Ave`yj gwZbmn wek¦we`¨vj‡qi D‡j­L‡hvM¨ msL¨K QvÎQvÎx fvlv Av‡›`vj‡bi Kg©m~wP‡K RbwcÖq I mdj Kivi j‡¶¨ mviv †`‡k wewfbœ we`¨vjq I wk¶vcÖwZôv‡b Qy‡U †ewo‡q‡Qb| 27 Rvbyqvwi 1952 cvwK¯—v‡bi cÖavbgš¿x LvRv bvwRgDwÏb XvKvq gymwjg KvDw݇ji GK mfvq †NvlYv w`‡jb, ÔD`©yB n‡e cvwK¯—v‡bi ivóªfvlvÕ| bvwRgDwχbi GB e³‡e¨i cÖwZev‡` Zvi ciw`bB Ave`yj gwZb I mn‡hvMx QvÎ †bZ…e„›`iv GK wekvj cÖwZev` we‡¶v‡fi Av‡qvRb K‡ib|

motin3

1952 mv‡ji 31 Rvbyqvwi XvKvi evi jvB‡eªwi wgjbvqZ‡b †`‡ki Awemsevw`Z †bZv Rb‡bZv gIjvbv Ave`yj nvwg` Lvb fvmvbx Avn~Z ivR‰bwZK Kg©x I Qv·bZ…e„‡›`i mgv‡e‡ki Av‡jvPbv mfvq KvwR †Mvjvg gvnveye‡K AvnevqK K‡i 40 m`m¨wewkó me©`jxq ivóªfvlv msMÖvg cwil` MVb Kiv nq| Ave`yj gwZb cwil‡`i Ab¨Zg m`m¨ wn‡m‡e Aš—f©y³ nb| me©`jxq msMÖvg cwil‡`i XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq kvLvi AvnŸvqK wn‡m‡e Ave`yj gwZb 1952 mv‡j 4 †deª“qvwi wek¦we`¨vjq K¨v¤úv‡m kn‡ii wewfbœ wk¶vcÖwZôv‡bi mvaviY Qv·`i GK mgv‡ek AvnŸvb K‡ib| D³ mgv‡ek †_‡K evsjv‡K cvwK¯—v‡bi ivóªfvlv wn‡m‡e gh©v`v `v‡bi †NvlYvmn Zv‡`i GKzk `dv `vwe Av`v‡qi j‡¶¨ Ave`yj gwZb 1952 mv‡ji 21 †deª“qvwi †`ke¨vcx GK K‡Vvi Kg©m~wP †NvlYv K‡ib|

Qv·`i Av‡›`vjb Kg©m~wP‡K cÖwZnZ Ki‡Z miKvi 21 †deª“qvwii cÖv°v‡j mviv †`‡k 144 aviv Rvwi K‡i| Ave`yj gwZ‡bi †bZ…‡Z¡ msMÖvg KwgwUi wek¦we`¨vjq kvLvi QvÎKg©xiv miKv‡ii 144 aviv †f‡O 21 †deª“qvwi‡Z Zv‡`i wba©vwiZ Kg©m~wP wb‡q mvg‡b GwM‡q hvIqvi `„p cÖZ¨q e¨³ K‡ib|

miKvi KZ©…K RvwiK…Z 144 aviv j•N‡bi welq wb‡q Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ 21 †deª“qvwii wVK Av‡M 20 †deª“qvwi iv‡Z †`‡ki †bZ…¯’vbxq ivR‰bwZK e¨w³eM©mn Qv·bZviv kn‡ii bevecyi †iv‡W AvIqvgx gymwjg jx‡Mi Kvh©vj‡q GK mfvq wgwjZ nq| `xN© mgqe¨vcx AbywôZ IB mfvq Ave`yj gwZb GK Awe¯§iYxq f‚wgKv cvjb K‡ib| D³ mfvq mfvcwZZ¡ K‡iwQ‡jb cvwK¯—vb gymwjg jx‡Mi cÖv³b mvaviY m¤úv`K Aveyj nvwkg| Ave`yj gwZb miKv‡ii Rvwi Kiv 144 aviv f½ Kivi c‡¶ `xN© e³e¨ †`b Ges bvbv hyw³ nvwRi K‡ib| mfvq Dcw¯’Z AwaKvsk †bZ…e„›` wQ‡jb bvbv k¼vq kw¼Z| fvlvi `vwe wb‡q miKv‡ii gy‡LvgywL `uvov‡bvi cÖ‡kœ Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †`Lv †`q Abxnv| IB mgq Zv‡`i Kv‡Q gvZ…fvlvi gh©v`vi †P‡q eo wPš—vi welq wQj Avmbœ mvaviY wbe©vPb, Avi G Rb¨B Zviv miKvi‡K NuvUv‡Z Pvbwb|

†kl ch©š— eû cvëvcvwë ZK©weZ‡K©i ci 144 aviv j•N‡bi welqwU wb®úwË Kivi Rb¨ mfvq †fvU MÖnY Kiv nq| Dcw¯’Z 15 R‡bi g‡a¨ PviRb †fvU †`b 144 aviv j•N‡bi c‡¶-wec‡¶ 11 Rb| G ai‡bi wm×v‡š—i ci Ave`yj gwZb AveviI †Rviv‡jv e³e¨ Zz‡j a‡ib Ges mfvi mfvcwZ weP¶Y ivRbxwZK Aveyj nvwkg‡K †evSv‡Z m¶g nb †h AvR‡Ki mfvi wm×vš— m¤ú‡K© cÎcwÎKvq †Kv‡bv wee„wZ †`Iqv wVK n‡e bv eis GUv‡K `ywU gZvgZ wn‡m‡e MÖnY Kiv DwPZ| GLv‡bB Ave`yj gwZ‡bi mvdj¨ wbwnZ †h, wZwb RvZxq ch©v‡qi AZ¨š— ¸i“Z¡c~Y© GB mfvq mvaviY Qv·`i gZvgZ‡K mwVKfv‡e Zz‡j ai‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb, hv †kl ch©š— Av‡›`vj‡bi mvd‡j¨i c_ Ly‡j †`q| ciw`b GKz‡k †deª“qvwi XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi K¨v¤úv‡m mg‡eZ mvaviY Qv·`i Ic‡i gZvgZ `ywUi fvM¨ wba©vi‡Yi fvi †`Iqvi wm×v‡š—i ga¨ w`‡q †kl iv‡Zi w`‡K mfvi mgvwß nq| Ave`yj gwZb Ges Zvi mn‡hvMxiv ciw`b wek¦we`¨vjq K¨v¤úv‡m cÖPzi mvaviY Qv·`i mgv‡e‡k msMwVZ Kivi Rb¨ m‡e©v”P †Póv K‡ib| mviv kn‡i UvbUvb D‡ËRbv| Av‡Mi mfvi wm×vš— Abymv‡i K¨v¤úv‡m R‡ov nIqv wekvj QvÎ mgv‡e‡ki m¤§y‡L AvIqvgx gymwjg jx‡Mi mvaviY m¤úv`K kvgmyj nK msL¨vMwiô gZvgZ A_©vr 144 aviv f½ bv Kivi Ges Ave`yj gwZb 144 aviv f½ Kivi c‡¶ Zv‡`i e³e¨ I e¨vL¨v Zz‡j a‡ib| gZvgZ `ywU †kvbvi ci Dcw¯’Z QvÎiv 144 aviv f‡½i c‡¶ ivq †`q Ges †h‡Kv‡bv g~‡j¨ Zv Kvh©Ki Kivi c‡¶ †¯­vMvb w`‡Z _v‡K|

Ave`yj gwZb cy‡iv e¨vcviwU‡K †U‡b mvaviY Qv·`i mvg‡b wb‡q G‡m Zv‡`i‡K cwiw¯’wZi ¸i“Z¡ †evSv‡Z m¶g nIqvq 21 †deª“qvwi Ave`yj gwZbmn Av‡›`vj‡bi Ab¨vb¨ †bZvi wm×v‡š— `kRb K‡i Qv·`i K‡qKwU `j XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi HwZnvwmK AvgZjv †MU †_‡K 144 aviv f½ K‡i iv¯—vq †ewi‡q Av‡m| G mgq cywjk Qv·`i Ici †ec‡ivqv jvwVPvR©, Kuv`y‡b M¨vm wb‡¶c K‡i Ges ¸wj Pvjvq| †mw`b †ek K‡qKRb knx` nb, Zv‡`i g‡a¨ Aveyj eiKZ, iwdKDwÏb, Ave`yj ReŸvi Ab¨Zg| AmsL¨ gvbyl AvnZ nb Ges AmsL¨ Qv·K †MÖßvi Kiv nq|

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RvbvRv †k‡l cyywjwk nvgjvi cÖwZev‡` QvÎRbZvi wekvj wgwQj †ei nq| wgwQjwU KvR©b nj cvi n‡q nvB‡Kv‡U©i †gv‡o †cŠuQ‡j cywjk ¸wjel©Y K‡i| wKš‘ Zvi ciI RbZvi cÖwZ‡iva Ae¨vnZ _v‡K Ges †ejv 12Uvi w`‡K cyivb XvKv wgwQ‡ji bMix‡Z cwiYZ n‡q hvq| Ges cÖvq mܨv ch©š— RbZvi GB we‡¶vf P‡j| †mB ch©v‡q Av‡›`vjb †eMevb n‡Z _v‡K Ges wewfbœ NUbv NU‡Z _v‡K ¯^Ztù‚Z©fv‡e| 144 aviv Rvwi _vKv m‡Ë¡I †KD †hgb Zv gvbwQj bv, f‡qI fxZ wQj bv| ag©NU, we‡¶vf, wgwQj ¯^Ztù‚Z©fv‡eB NUwQj| g~jZ mg¯— cwiw¯’wZwU GK MY-Afz¨Ìv‡b iƒc †bq| cwiw¯’wZ mvgvj w`‡Z QvÎRbZvi Ici cywjk-BwcAvi-†mbvevwnbx †hŠ_fv‡e wbwe©Pv‡i ¸wj Pvjvq| 22 †deª“qvwi kwdDi ingvb, Avãym mvjvg, Ave`yj AvIqvj (wiKkvPvjK) Ges AwnDj­vn (wK‡kvi) knx` nb| AvnZ nb AmsL¨| 22 †deª“qvwi miKvi GKB m‡½ 10 R‡bi bv‡g ûwjqv Rvwi K‡i| G‡`i g‡a¨ Ave`yj gwZb wQ‡jb Ab¨Zg| evwKiv n‡jbÑ gIjvbv fvmvbx, KvRx †Mvjvg gvneye, Awj Avnv`, kvgmyj nK, †gvnv¤§` †Zvqvnv, Lv‡jK †bIqvR Lvb, ˆmq` b~i“j Avjg, AvwRR Avn¤§` I Ave`yj AvDqvj|

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23 †deª“qvwi KviwdD _vKv m‡Ë¡I mviv ivZ a‡i †gwW‡Kj K‡jR cÖv½‡Y knx` wgbvi wbg©vY Kiv nq| knx` wgbviwUi bKkv A¼b K‡ib †gwW‡Kj K‡j‡Ri QvÎ mvC` nvq`vi| †gwW‡Kj K‡j‡R ZLb GKUv wbg©vYKvR PjwQj| Qv·`i Aby‡iv‡a fvlv Av‡›`vj‡bi cÖwZ mnvbyf‚wZkxj `yRb K›Uªv±i BU, wm‡g›U, iW I kÖwgK w`‡Z m¤§Z nb| 10-12 Rb ivRwgw¯¿ Qv·`i cÖZ¨¶ mnvqZvq iv‡Zi g‡a¨ knx` wgbvi ˆZwi K‡i †d‡j| 24 †deª“qvwi h_vixwZ knx` wgbvi D‡Øvab Kiv nq| Aveyj Kvjvg kvgmyÏxb knx` wgbvi D‡Øvab K‡ib| ˆ`wbK AvRv‡`i m¤úv`K Aveyj Kvjvg kvgmyÏxb 22 †deª“qvwi MYcwil` †_‡K B¯—dv †`b| GB ¯§„wZ‡mŠ‡ai wb‡P GKwU Pv`i †c‡Z †`Iqv n‡qwQj †mUv‡Z gvbyl UvKvcqmv w`‡qwQj, GgbwK gwnjviv Zv‡`i Mv‡qi Mnbv Lyy‡j w`‡qwQj| knx` wgbvi wbg©vYmn cy‡iv cÖwµqvq Ave`yj gwZb mwµqfv‡e AskMÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb, wb‡R BU-evjy enb Kivmn mvavi‡Yi Kv‡R m¤ú„³ wQ‡jb| cvwK¯—vwb kvm‡Kiv kw¼Z n‡q c‡ob Ges IB w`bB cÖ_g knx` wgbvi ¸uwo‡q †`q| Gi wKQyw`‡bi g‡a¨ Ave`yj gwZbmn K‡qKRb †bZv †MÖßvi nb|

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Ave`yj gwZb 1952 mv‡j †MÖßvi n‡q KvivMv‡i hvIqvi ci KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i †bZv‡`i ms¯ú‡k© gv·©ev`x Av`k© I ivRbxwZi m‡½ Zvi cwiPq N‡U| †Rj †_‡K †ewi‡q wZwb QvÎ BDwbq‡b †hvM`vb K‡ib Ges mfvcwZi `vwqZ¡ MÖnY K‡ib| QvÎ BDwbqb 1952 mv‡j cÖwZwôZ nq| Ave`yj gwZb K…lK msMV‡b KvR Ki‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| QvÎ BDwbq‡bi mfvcwZi `vwqZ¡ cvj‡bi B”Qv Zvi bv _vK‡jI cvwU©i wm×v‡š—i Kvi‡Y wZwb IB `vwqZ¡ †bb| QvÎ BDwbq‡b GK eQi `vwqZ¡ cvj‡bi ci wZwb K…lK msMV‡b KvR ïi“ K‡ib|

Ave`yj gwZb 1953 mv‡ji b‡f¤^i gv‡m cvwU©i cÖvw_©mf¨ Ges 1954 mv‡ji gvP© gv‡m cvwU©i mf¨c` jvf K‡ib| 1966 mv‡j Kg‡iW gwZb Awef³ KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i msMVK wbhy³ nb| Gici KwgDwb÷ cvwU© g‡¯‹v-wcwKs avivq wef³ n‡q c‡o| gwY wmsn-†LvKv iv‡qi †bZ…‡Z¡ g‡¯‹vcš’x Ges my‡L›`y `w¯—`vi, Ave`yj nK I †gvnv¤§` †Zvqvnvi †bZ…‡Z¡ wcwKscš’x avivq wef³ nq| Ave`yj gwZb wcwKscš’x avivi m‡½ m¤úwK©Z nb|

1968 mv‡ji A‡±ve‡i wcwKscš’x c~e© cvwK¯—vb KwgDwb÷ cvwU© (Gg-Gj) †_‡K wew”Qbœ n‡q c~e©evsjvi KwgDwb÷ cvwU© MwVZ nq| GB cvwU©i †bZ…‡Z¡ wQ‡jb Ave`yj gwZb, AvjvDwÏb Avn‡g`, †`‡eb wkK`vi I Aveyj evmvi| 1969 mv‡j cvwU©i mvaviY m¤úv`K †`‡eb wkK`vi †MÖßvi nevi ci Ave`yj gwZb cvwU©i mvaviY m¤úv`K wbe©vwPZ nb|

1963 mv‡j XvKvi ivqcyivq c~e© cvwK¯—vb K…lK mwgwZi m‡¤§jb AbywôZ nq| IB m‡¤§j‡b gIjvbv Ave`yj nvwg` Lvb fvmvbx mfvcwZ, nv‡Zg Avjx Lvb mvaviY m¤úv`K Ges Ave`yj gwZb mn-mvaviY m¤úv`K wbe©vwPZ nb| 1966 mv‡j wm‡j‡Ui KzjvDovq c~e© cvwK¯—vb K…lK mwgwZi m‡¤§jb AbywôZ nq| IB m‡¤§j‡b gIjvbv Ave`yj nvwg` Lvb fvmvbx mfvcwZ, Ave`yj nK mvaviY m¤úv`K Ges Ave`yj gwZb mn-mvaviY m¤úv`K wbe©vwPZ nb| GB Ae¯’v 1970 mvj ch©š— Ae¨vnZ wQj| 1978 mv‡j evsjv‡`k Pvlx mwgwZ MwVZ nq| IB Pvlx mwgwZi mfvcwZ wQ‡jb Ave`yj gwZb| 1981 mv‡j K…lK msMÖvg mwgwZ, Pvlx mwgwZ I K…lK †dWv‡ik‡bi †hŠ_ D‡`¨v‡M cvebv †Rjvi †eovq K…lK gnvmgv‡ek AbywôZ nq| IB K…lK mgv‡e‡k mviv †`k †_‡K cÖvq 40 nvRvi K…lK RbZv mg‡eZ n‡qwQj| IB gnvmgv‡e‡ki ga¨ w`‡q 4wU K…lK msMVb GKxf‚Z n‡q RvZxq K…lK mwgwZ MwVZ nq| Kg‡iW Ave`yj gwZb IB msMV‡bi mfvcwZ wbe©vwPZ n‡qwQ‡jb| 1998 mvj ch©š— wZwb mfvcwZ c‡` wQ‡jb| 1969 mv‡ji 5 A‡±vei cvebv †Rjvi kvncy‡i jvjUzwc m‡¤§jb AbywôZ nq| GB jvj Uzwc mgv‡e‡k wZwb Ab¨Zg D‡`¨v³v I msMV‡Ki f‚wgKv cvjb K‡iwQ‡jb| jvjUzwc mgv‡e‡k j¶vwaK K…lK RbZv mg‡eZ n‡qwQj|

1971 mv‡j Ave`yj gwZb I AvjvDwÏb Avn‡g‡`i †bZ…‡Z¡ K…lK-kÖwgK-QvÎ RbZv‡K msMwVZ K‡i c~e© evsjvi KwgDwb÷ cvwU© †`‡ki Af¨š—‡i †_‡KB RbM‡Yi AvÍwbqš¿‡Yi AwaKvi I gyw³hy× cwiPvjbv K‡ib| G Kvi‡Y ivRvKvi I cvK evwnbx Ave`yj gwZ‡bi MÖv‡gi evwo cywo‡q †`q| 1971 mv‡ji †m‡Þ¤^i gv‡m Zvi evev cvebv bMievox Nv‡U ivRvKvi I cvK evwnbxi nv‡Z b„ksmfv‡e wbnZ nb| Zvi GK fvB †Mvjvg †nv‡mb gby cvK‡mbv‡`i m‡½ m¤§yLhy‡× AvnZ nb, c‡i Zv‡K Zviv wbg©gfv‡e nZ¨v K‡i| Aci GK fvB wmivRMÄ K‡j‡Ri QvÎ Ave`yj Md&dvi NUz ¯^vaxbZv c‡i i¶xevwnbxi nv‡Z wbnZ nb|

Ave`yj gwZb 1971 mv‡ji 16 RyjvB ch©š— cvwU©i mvaviY m¤úv`‡Ki `vwq‡Z¡ wQ‡jb| Õ71 mv‡ji 16 RyjvB cvebvi kvncy‡i cvwU© †c­bv‡g Pvi“ gRyg`v‡ii jvBb M„nxZ n‡j wZwb wfbœgZ †cvlY K‡ib Ges cvwU©i mvaviY m¤úv`‡Ki c` †Q‡o †`b| cvwU©i m¤úv`‡Ki `vwqZ¡ MÖnY K‡ib AvgRv` †nv‡mb|

1972 mv‡ji 4 Ryb AvÎvB jovB L¨vZ mk¯¿hy‡× Ave`yj gwZb ¸wjwe× Ae¯’vq †MÖßvi nb Ges `xN© Kviv‡fv‡Mi ci 1977 mv‡j gyw³ cvb| †Rj †_‡K gyw³ †c‡q wZwb Avevi cvwU©i m‡½ hy³ nb| 1978 mv‡j c~e© evsjvi KwgDwb÷ cvwU© (GgGj) Ges evsjv‡`‡ki gv·©ev`x †jwbbev`x KwgDwb÷ cvwU H‡K¨i ga¨ w`‡q KwgDwb÷ jxM (Gg-Gj) MwVZ nq| 1982 mv‡j KwgDwb÷ jxM (GgGj) Ges evsjv‡`‡ki wec­ex KwgDwb÷ cvwU© (GgGj) HK¨e× n‡q evsjv‡`‡ki wec­ex KwgDwb÷ jxM I mvg¨ev`x `j (ev`kv-gvwbK) HK¨e× n‡q evsjv‡`‡ki KwgDwb÷ jxM MwVZ nq|

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